Contents

## What is eligibility Q?

Eligibility traces is a way of weighting between temporal-difference “targets” and Monte-Carlo “returns”. Meaning that instead of using the one-step TD target, we use TD(λ) target. In other words it fine tunes the target to have a better learning performance.

## Is TD 1 the same as Monte Carlo?

Whereas the earlier Monte Carlo methods were limited to episodic tasks, TD(1) can be applied to discounted continuing tasks as well. Moreover, TD(1) can be performed incrementally and on-line. One disadvantage of Monte Carlo methods is that they learn nothing from an episode until it is over.

## Who invented TD-learning?

Richard Sutton

by changing the index of i to start from 0. Thus, the reinforcement is the difference between the ideal prediction and the current prediction. TD-Lambda is a learning algorithm invented by Richard Sutton based on earlier work on temporal difference learning by Arthur Samuel [2].

## How is TD ( λ ) used in reinforcement learning?

TD (λ) is, in fact, an extension of TD (n) method, remember that in TD (n), we have the accumulated reward of the following form: This value estimation up to step t+n is used to update the value on step t, and what TD (λ) does is to averaging the value, for example, using 0.5*Gt:t+2 + 0.5*Gt:t+4 as the target value.

## Where does the TD algorithm mimic the error function?

The TD algorithm has also received attention in the field of neuroscience. Researchers discovered that the firing rate of dopamine neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) and substantia nigra (SNc) appear to mimic the error function in the algorithm.

## How does temporal difference learning ( TD ) work?

Temporal difference ( TD) learning refers to a class of model-free reinforcement learning methods which learn by bootstrapping from the current estimate of the value function. These methods sample from the environment, like Monte Carlo methods, and perform updates based on current estimates, like dynamic programming methods.

## Which is a more general form of TD ( λ )?

Note that the weight decays as n increases and the total summation is 1. A more general form of TD (λ) is: